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FIRST AMENDMENT

Does the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act violate the First Amendment by requiring an organization to have a policy explicitly opposing prostitution and sex trafficking in order to receive federal funding to provide HIV and AIDS ...

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TRANSPORTATION

Does a federal law generally prohibiting the state and local regulation of motor carriers contain a “market participant” exception permitting a municipality to take action that conflicts with the federal statute’s express preemption clause? American Trucking Associations v. Los Angeles, ...

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FEDERAL PREEMPTION

Does the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance Act or its regulations preempt a state law creating a cause of action against the recipient of life insurance proceeds after they have been distributed? See “Does federal law preempt state life insurance ...

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MIRANDA RIGHTS

Does the Fifth Amendment’s Self-Incrimination Clause protect a defendant’s refusal to answer law enforcement questioning before he has been arrested or read his Miranda rights? See “Does right to remain silent exist before arrest?” Salinas v. Texas, No. 12-246. Certiorari ...

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CRIMINAL LAW – EXTORTION

Did threatening to expose gossip about a state general counsel if he failed to give a positive recommendation to a business investment proposal qualify as attempted extortion under federal law? See “Justices take up extortion case.” Sekhar v.U.S., No. 12-357. ...

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SEX OFFENDERS

Does Congress have the power to impose criminal penalties for failing to register a new address on sex offenders convicted and released before the enactment of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act? See “Court to rule on sex offender ...

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